It is a very painful thing to see your child in ear pain, where you are helpless in easing the suffering. Taking to the doctor, having medicines and prevention is the solution here. But do you know how ear infections develop? What causes it? How to treat and prevent them? Read further for the details…
What is an ear infection?
Ear infections or otitis media (OM) in the technical term means bacteria or virus causes inflammation or swelling in the middle ear area. Fluid gets accumulated in the space behind the eardrum. From 6 months to 3 years, it is a sure thing to happen at least once in your child’s life.
What are the causes of it?
The symptoms of ear infections:
- Tugging or pulling of ear
- Tickling sensation inside the ear
- Fussiness or crying
- Intense pain
- Have a problem with balance
- Had a cold/sore throat earlier
- Fluid flowing out of the ear
- Hearing problem, especially small sounds
- Loss of appetite and trouble in sleeping
The 3 types of ear infections:
-Acute otitis media (AOM): the condition when fluid gets trapped in the middle ear and cause ear infection, this state is also termed as ear ache. In such cases this can cause ear drums to rupture. Fever may also accompany it.
-Otitis media with effusion (OME): when the fluid gets clogged for long periods. This fluid gets visible to the doctor through pneumatic otoscope or Tympanometry
-Chronic otitis media with effusion (COME): a condition of prolonged fluid trapped in the ear or when the ear infection comes back again regularly. This is a dangerous situation as it interferes with the hearing of child.
How to solve this issue:
# Consult a doctor if the pain is intense. The doctor will prescribe some ear drops. Why did I say intense? Because in usual cases ear infections intensity will reduce in 42 hours, and some doctors will give low dose drops for this period.
# Do not medicate your child with pre-used ear drops or pain killers – ‘never ever’. The ear will pain badly but after the recommendation of the doctor and doing a double check that these are not heavy dose, use it.
# Keep a warm compress on the child’s ear, with some part touching the chin and ear pinna area.
# Do not use feeding bottles while having ear infections.
# Keep the child’s head elevated, not by direct use of pillows, you can keep it under the blanket on the head area.
# If the ear infections persist, and is repeating very often doctor’s will suggest for an ear surgery.
# The prevention method includes staying away from passive smoking – smoke is an agent triggering ear infection and the kid must stay away from sick people.
# Do not forget to take flu, influenza vaccinations and PCV13 vaccinations. Keep the date scheduled in the calendar.
Take good care while bathing babies and toddlers for avoiding water to move into the ears. In some stances water stay inside the ear and thus causing ear infection.